Previous research conducted in community settings among people with disabilities suggests multiple points of intervention, or facets, that could be addressed to achieve intended outcomes. To inform our research we conducted a systematic review of published research studies to identify multifaceted interventions that are effective in facilitating increased community participation for adults with disabilities. The review team, guided by the person-environment fit model shown below, examined the effects of interventions that address two or more participant characteristics (e.g., social skills) and/or environmental characteristics (e.g., access to transportation) on community participation outcomes (e.g., employment) for adults with disabilities. Results inform researchers and policymakers about current gaps in the research knowledge base. Findings also may help health and social work practitioners to understand and apply multifaceted interventions that support adults with disabilities.

Venn diagram with left side showing Personal characteristics, which are self-determination and secondary health; and right side showing Environmental Factors, which are home useability, social networking, and community barriers. In the intersection is community participation.

Person – Environment Fit Model

Read the results: Multifaceted Interventions for Improved Community Participation Among Adults with Disabilities

Watch the webcast: Multifaceted Interventions for Supporting Community Participation Among Adults with Disabilities: A Systematic Review