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Chapter 2. Some Other Models for Promoting Community Health ... >
Section 3. Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities >
Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities
Tools & Checklists
Contributed by Phil Rabinowitz
Edited by Bill Berkowitz
Here you will find a checklist summarizing the important points of the section.
What is Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities?
__ Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities provides an intellectual and philosophical framework for an inclusive, participatory process of developing a healthy community.
The two basic premises upon which Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities rests are:
__ A comprehensive view of health.
__ A commitment to health promotion.
Why use Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities?
You use Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities because:
__ It takes a community perspective on issues and health promotion.
__ It brings a sense of community ownership to any initiative.
__ It provides a broader range of ideas.
__ It gives access to citizens’ knowledge of the community.
__ It encourages community-wide ties.
__ It assumes participatory planning.
__ It sets achievable goals.
__ It asks for the identification and use of community assets and resources.
__ It establishes a community commitment to the process over the long term.
__ It creates a healthy community self-image.
Who should participate in Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities?
__ You try to engage everyone in the community.
You make particular efforts to engage:
__ Local officials.
__ Target populations.
__ Anyone who implements or administers, or whose life or job will be changed or affected by, the initiative.
__ All the agencies, organizations, and institutions that will need to cooperate or collaborate in order to realize goals.
__ Local opinion leaders.
How do you use Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities?
You include the necessary components of a successful Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities initiative by encouraging the community to:
__ Create a compelling vision based on shared values.
__ Embrace a broad definition of health and well-being.
__ Address quality of life for everyone.
__ Engage diverse citizen participation and be citizen-driven.
__ Encourage multisectoral membership and widespread community ownership.
__ Acknowledge the social determinants of health and the interrelationship of health with other issues (housing, education, peace, equity, social justice).
__ Address issues through collaborative problem-solving.
__ Focus on systems change.
__ Build capacity using local assets and resources.
__ Measure and benchmark progress and outcomes.
To approach a Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities process, you:
__ Assemble a diverse and inclusive group.
__ Generate a vision.
__ Assess the assets and resources in the community that can help you realize your vision, and the issues that act as barriers to it.
__ Choose a first issue to focus on.
__ Develop a community-wide strategy, incorporating as many organizations, levels, and sectors as possible.
__ Implement the plan.
__ Monitor and adjust your initiative or intervention.
__ Establish new systems that will maintain and build on the gains you’ve made.
__ Celebrate benchmarks and successes
The Community Tool Box is a service of the Work Group for Community Health and Development
at the University of Kansas.
by the University of Kansas for all materials provided via the World Wide Web in the ctb.ku.edu domain.