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Section 1. An Introduction to the Problem-Solving Process

Tool #1: Problem analysis sheet

The following page gives you room to analyze the problem or issue you want your group to address. This information can then be used when you go to step 7 in the "how-to's": Set goals and objectives.

Problem Analysis Sheet

What factors put people at risk for (or protect them against) the problem or concern?          
Whose behavior (or lack of behavior) caused the problem?  
Whose behavior (or lack of behavior) maintains the problem?  
For whom is the situation a problem?  
What are the negative consequences for those directly affected?  
What are the negative consequences for the community?  
Who, if anyone, benefits from things being the way they are now?  
How do they benefit?  
Who should share the responsibility for solving the problem?  
What behaviors need to change to consider the problem "solved"?  
What conditions need to change to address the issue or problem?  
How much change is necessary?  
At what level(s) should the problem be addressed?  
Will you be able to make changes at the level(s) identified?  

Tool #2: Components and Elements Background Table

Use this table to look holistically at the intervention you will develop.

  Enhancing Support Providing Information and Skills Training
Problem/ Issue to be Addressed    
Risk/ Protective Factors    
Targets of Change    
Agents of Change    
Mode/ Context of Delivery    

Tool # 3: Table of Components and Elements

You can fill in this table to look at all of the components and elements that will be done as a part of your intervention. By filling this out, you can see if there are any gaps in your plan that need to be filled in. (For example, if your plan doesn't have any elements related to providing information and skills training, that gap will be very apparent on this table.)

  Providing Information and Skills Training Enhancing Support and Resources Modifying Opportunities and Barriers Monitoring and feedback

Tool # 4: Determining if interventions done by others are appropriate for your purpose and situation

Use this table to help you determine if a particular intervention you know about is right for your purpose and situation.

What is the intervention?                                    
Is it appropriate for our purpose?  
Is it effective?  
Is it replaceable?  
Is it simple?  
Is it practical?  
Is it compatible to our situation?  

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