Tool #1: Supports for the Strategic Prevention Framework
- Communicating Information about Community Health and Development Issues
- Gaining Public Support for Addressing Community Health and Development Issues
- Talking About Risk and Protective Factors Related to Community Issues
Encouraging Involvement in Community Work, especially:
- Developing a Plan for Increasing Participation in Community Action
- Promoting Participation Among Diverse Groups
- Involving Key Influentials in the Initiative
- Involving People Most Affected by the Problem
Orienting Ideas in Leadership, especially:
- Developing a Plan for Building Leadership
- Styles of Leadership
- Developing a Community Leadership Corps: A Model for Service Learning
- Collaborative Leadership
Cultural Competence in a Multicultural World, especially:
- Building Relationships with People from Different Cultures
- Creating Opportunities for Members of Groups to Identify Their Similarities, Differences, and Assets
- Understanding Culture, Social Organization, and Leadership to Enhance Engagement
- Building Inclusive Communities
- Criteria for Choosing Promising Practices and Community Interventions
- Understanding Risk and Protective Factors: Their Use in Selecting Potential Targets and Promising Strategies for Interventions
- Identifying Strategies and Tactics for Reducing Risks
- Adapting Community Interventions for Different Cultures and Communities
Enhancing Support, Incentives, and Resources, especially:
Modifying Access, Barriers, and Opportunities, especially:
Improving Services, especially:
Chapter 25: Changing Policies, especially:
- Changing Policies: An Overview
- Using Tax Incentives for Support Community Health and Development
- Supporting Local Ordinances to Modify Access to Unhealthy Products and Practices
Sustainability and Cultural Competence
Tool #2: CSAP’s Principles of Substance Abuse Prevention
The principles are divided into six domains: Individual, Family, Peer, School, Community, and Society/Environmental.
1. Build social and personal skills.
2. Design culturally-sensitive interventions.
3. Cite immediate consequences.
4. Combine information dissemination and media campaigns with other interventions.
5. Provide positive alternatives to help youth in high-risk environments develop personal and social skills in a natural and effective way.
6. Recognize that relationships exist between substance use and a variety of other adolescent health problems.
7. Incorporate problem identification and referral into prevention programs.
8. Provide transportation to prevention programs.
1. Target the entire family.
2. Help develop bonds among parents in programs; provide meals, transportation, and small gifts; sponsor family outings; and ensure cultural sensitivity.
3. Help minority families respond to cultural and racial issues.
4. Develop parenting skills.
5. Emphasize family bonding.
6. Offer sessions where parents and youth learn and practice skills.
7. Train parents to both listen and interact.
8. Train parents to use positive and consistent discipline techniques.
9. Promote new skills in family communication through interactive techniques.
10. Employ strategies to overcome parental resistance to family-based programs.
11. Improve parenting skills and child behavior with intensive support.
12. Improve family functioning through family therapy when indicated.
13. Explore alternative community sponsors and sites for schools.
14. Videotape training and education.
1. Structure alternative activities and supervise alternative events.
2. Incorporate social and personal skills-building opportunities.
3. Design intensive alternative programs that include a variety of approaches and substantial time commitment.
4. Communicate peer norms against use of alcohol and illicit drugs.
5. Involve youth in the development of alternative programs.
6. Involve youth in peer-led interventions or interventions with peer-led components.
7. Counter the effects of deviant norms and behaviors by creating an environment for youth with behavior problems to interact with other nonproblematic youth.
1. Avoid relying solely on knowledge-oriented interventions designed to supply information about negative consequences.
2. Correct misconceptions about the prevalence of use in conjunction with other education approaches.
3. Involve youth in peer-led interventions or interventions with peer-led components.
4. Give students opportunities to practice newly acquired skills through interactive approaches.
5. Help youth retain skills through booster sessions.
6. Involve parents in school-based approaches.
7. Communicate a commitment to substance abuse prevention in school policies.
1. Develop integrated, comprehensive prevention strategies rather than one-time community-based events.
2. Control the environment around schools and other areas where youth gather.
3. Provide structured time with adults through mentoring.
4. Increase positive attitudes through community service.
5. Achieve greater results with highly involved mentors.
6. Emphasize the costs to employers of workers’ substance use and abuse.
7. Communicate a clear company policy on substance abuse.
8. Include representatives from every organization that plays a role in fulfilling coalition objectives.
9. Retain active coalition members by providing meaningful rewards.
10. Define specific goals and assign specific responsibility for their achievement to subcommittees and task forces.
11. Ensure planning and clear understanding for coalition effectiveness.
12. Set outcome-based objectives.
13. Support a large number of prevention activities.
14. Organize at the neighborhood level.
15. Assess progress from an outcome-based perspective and make adjustments to the plan of action to meet goals.
16. Involve paid coalition staff as resource providers and facilitators rather than as direct community organizers.
1. Develop community awareness and media efforts.
2. Use mass media appropriately.
3. Provide structured time with adults through mentoring.
4. Avoid the use of authority figures.
5. Broadcast messages frequently over an extended period of time.
6. Broadcast messages through multiple channels when the target audience is likely to be viewing or listening.
7. Disseminate information about the hazards of a product or industry that promotes it.
8. Promote replacement of more conspicuous labels.
9. Promote restrictions on tobacco use in public places and private workplaces.
10. Promote clean indoor air laws.
11. Combine beverage server training with law enforcement.
12. Combine beverage servers’ legal liability.
13. Increase the price of alcohol and tobacco through excise taxes.
14. Increase minimum purchase age for alcohol to 21.
15. Limit the location and density of retail alcohol outlets.
16. Employ neighborhood antidrug strategies.
17. Enforce minimum purchase age laws using undercover buying operations.
18. Use community groups to provide positive and negative feedback to merchants.
19. Employ more frequent enforcement operations.
20. Implement “use and lose” laws.
21. Enact deterrence laws and policies for impaired driving.
22. Enforce impaired-driving laws.
23. Combine sobriety checkpoints with positive passive breath sensors.
24. Revoke licenses for impaired driving.
25. Immobilize or impound the vehicles of those convicted of impaired driving.
26. Target underage drivers.